At the District headquarter of Aurangabad, Kazi Mohalla and Diwan Mohalla are situated, where Kabra of Kazi Aliman Diwan and Kazi Sharulla find place. Both of them were authorized Kazi of Auranjeb’s regime. In those days, responsibilities of settling disputes were given to Kazi as per Muslim customs. 

As per an article written by a Judicial officer in year 1973 the court of Munsif has been here since 1846 .There was also a bench of Honorary Magistrates at Daudnagar .So the history of Judiciary Aurangabad is much old .When Aurangabad was made sub-Division in year 1865, the munsif was vested with some more power .

The Court of sub-judge was inaugurated on 22.06.1973 by the then Hon’ble Chief Justice Mr.Nandlal Untwalia.Sri Narayan Prasad Singh was the first Sub-Judge .Sri Singh was also First Chief Judicial Magistrate of Aurangabad. 

The Court of District and Sessions Judge was inaugurated on 10.09.1977 by the then Hon’ble Chief Justice Sri Krishna Ballabha Narayan Singh of Patna High Court. Hon’ble Justice Sri Shambhu Prasad Singh had presided over the function in presence of Sri Bhagwad Prasad Jaiswal, the then District and Sessions Judge, Gaya Sri Jai Pati Sinha was the first District and Sessions Judge of this Judgeship
Development & Public welfare activities
§ Civil Administration
§ Development works in Panchayats & local bodies
§ Maintenance of Law & Order in the District
§ Collection of land revenue, other kinds of Government taxes, fees and all dues recoverable as arrears of land revenue.
§ Ensuring the maintenance of accurate and upto date records of rights as regards the land.
§ Appointing authority for Panchayat Sevak and Revenue Karmachari and Collectorate cadre staff posted in the Anchal offices, and in the offices of Sub Divisional Officers (Civil) and Block Development officers (BDOs) and for most of the subordinate revenue staff in the district.
§ Providing overall guidance and coordination of activities of all line departments in the district.
§ Coordination with municipal committees, market committees, Panchayats, Panchayat Samitis, community development blocks and the Zila Parishad, which came into existence with the decentralization of authority and expansion of the Panchayati Raj.
§ Monitoring and Execution of rural development schemes.
§ Peaceful and orderly conduct of all elections held in the district from time to time.
§ Controlling & regulation of the distribution of essential commodities, etc.