“Jaaun Jaaun Bhaiya re Batohi Hind Dekhi Aaun Jahan Sonebhadra Mithe Swar Gawe re Batohiya.” This Lyric was written by a Bhojpuri poet during the middle of nineteenth century.This District is situated on the eastern bank of the same river .Ardh Gang river Poon–Poon flows diagonally from south western corner to north -east corner of this District water of small Rivers of this District falls in Poon-Poon through three big rivers, namely, Batane, Adari and Madar. The hills of Bindhya ranges namely Chalho, Dwarpal, Umga are in the Middle East portion of Aurangabad. These hills are almost on the point of demarcation. From eastern flanks of those hills, the border of parent District Gaya starts. River sonebhadra as a line of demarcation eastern half portion falls under the territory of Aurangabad and western half of that sonebhadra lies under rohtas District. On the northern side Arwal District. (North Gaya), having district head quarter at Jehanabad is situated. In the southern portion, hills of Bindhya ranges and forest are stretched and Palamu District, Jharkhand, starts.

River and hills are full of valuable raw materials for purpose of building work. Precious stones like Gomed, Garnet, Sfatik, Mariyam Hauledil are found in those hills in raw form .Three fourth part of this district is irrigated by Sone From North Koyal and few canals of small rivers, this district emerged as a rich grinary during the last four decades. It will be proper to mention here that, “Magahi” Betel leaves are grown on large scales which keep its own craze among betel eaters of our own country and abroad.

Grand chord Line passes through the middle of this district .On its eastern side, the major railway junction is Gaya and in the western side, Sone Nagar from where a railway line to wards Garhwa Road of Jharkhand State starts. The nearest Railway Station is Anugrah Narayan Road situated on Grand Chord line about 13 kilometers from the District head quarter. Two major roads pass through this district. First is NH-2 (Old Grand Trank Road) and second one is NH-98. Both Roads touch the District Headquarter. There is no provision of any Aerodrome or Air strip in this district .The nearest Airstrip is Suara on NH-2 about 25 K.M. in the west of district Head quarter in Rohtas District.

Geographical perspectives To the East of this district lies Gaya, to the west, Rohtas, to the south, Palamu of the Jharkhand province and to the North, Arwal. There are two sub-divisions of this district, Aurangabad and Daudnagar. The whole district is divided into eleven blocks, two municipalities, three sub-scheduled areas, 203 Panchayats ,1884 Villages, 2838 wards,19 police stations and 06 Police-Out-Posts, The Headquarters of this district, Aurangabad is Aurangabad The area of the Aurangabad District is 3305 square kilometers and the total population of this district is 20,35,757 as per 2001 census . Literacy rate is 57.5 percent. The percentage of male members is 71.95 and that of female members is 42.04.

This district lies between 24.750 N and 84.370 E .The climate of this region is Tropical. During the summer days temperature rises up to 40 to 50 degree Celsius, whereas during the winter temperature falls almost near five degrees celsius rain fall in this region is average near 50 centimetre 75 centimetre. The soil of this district is highly suitable for the agriculture of paddy, wheat and sugar-cane The irrigation-planning has made the land of this district most fertile and suitable for agriculture.

A few areas of Nabinagar, Kutumba, Deo and Madanpur blocks are surrounded with hills. Consequently, there is no adequate availability of the opportunities of employment in this area. Such a situation compels the youths of these blocks to go to the other parts of India to seek employment. Desides, in reaction against unemployment and poverty, these blocks are affected with extremism.