History
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The history of Aurngabad is a part of history of the ancient Magadh which included the undivided district of Patna and Gaya .Three-forth of India’s early history is the history of Magadh and the area which forms the present district of Aurangabad was a proud sharer of this glory .Although it was a part of the Mahajanpad of Magadh,yet it had its distinct racial and cultural character.Froming part of the first vast the territorial empire of Magadh , perhaps the distinction of being ruled by Bimbisara and Ajatsatru and later on by Chandragupta Maurya and Ashoka .The river Sone has been accepted by the authorities as having been western boundary of the Magadh empire.

After the downfall of the Mauryas, this area remained under sovereignty of Sungas and Kushans. Harshavardhan also ruled over this land. During his regime, Celebrated books of Sanskrit literature KADAMBARI AND HARSHCHARITRA were written by Banbhatta, whose birth place Pritakuta Parwat, village piroo at present falls in the territory of the district. So many manuscripts written on Bhojpatra and Talpatra of that regime are being preserved village piroo in the Banbhatta Pustakalya of the same village. When pal dynasty of Bengal rose to power, its sway was over this area but it lasted for a short period.

The prominent feature of this region is that, although it was ruled by Ashoka, the grate Magadh Emperor, it culturally continued to enjoy its own identify.Even during the climax of his regime, this region resisted the spread of Buddhism. Later on the people of Rajputana came here to offer pind “Dan” to their ancestors at Gaya.They saw the natural beauty of this region which attracted them. They settled here, seeking their place of convenience. The rulers of Deo, Mali, Pawai, Chandragarh and Siris were the descendants of those Rajput warriors. Due to their militant Character, they resisted the domination of the Sultanate Mughals and Britishers.

Before this region came under the control of Moghul Sultanate, it remained under the control of Sen and Garhwal Kings.

During the regime of Sher Shah, the area became strategically important .It formed a part of the Rohtas Sirkar.The Afghan ruler built the famous Grand Trunk Road (Now N.H.No.-02) .After death of Sher Shah; it came under imperial domain of Akbar. The Afghan upsurge in the area was suppressed by Todarmal and the area between Sherghati and Rohtas was brought under the Mughal Empire. But the glimpses of Afghan architecture are still visible in the old buildings of this region. During regime of Aurangabad his Subedar Daud Khan Kuraishi founded the town Daudnagar after defeating Garhwal King of Palamu.

After downfall of Moghul Empire, the area came under control of zamindars of Deo, Kutumba, Mali, Pawai,Chandrgarh and Siris.The rebellious character of the zamindars of Siris,Kutumba and Pawai,is the proud-preserve in the history of this area. The first rebellion against the British authority belongs to Raja Narayan Singh of Reyasat Pawai,Whose forefathers said to be the descendents of Prithwi Raj Chauhan.The veteran freedom fighter Veer Kunwar Singh had his personal relationship in the family of Deo State .Some people say his Sasural was in that family . A joint army of all the Rajputs led by the men of Raja Narayan Singh started their towards Jagdishpur to help Veer Kunwar Singh during the year 1857 .He had also support of Raja Chet Singh of Varanashi,Pitambar Singh of Tekari and Kuli Khan of Sasaram . A ferocious battle took place at both the bank of river Sone, where thousands of Britishers and soldiers of Raja Narayan Singh were killed. The Sepoy Mutiny of Danapur and Benaras created Commotion in the whole area .It remained for the whole year of 1857 .In the next year, the British Government took measures to tighten their grip over administration .District of Gaya was seperated from Patna District, and Aurangabad was made Sub Division in the year 1865 .It remained part of Gaya District till 1973 Mr.Stement was first S.D.O of Aurangabad Sub-Division.

During the freedom struggle, it can be imagined that, how much torture was given to the participants. Commissioner Stanton passed an order of attachment of properties on recommendation of Mr.H.Davis.Deputy Magistrate, Sherghati, of the following landlords:-

(a) Bhanu Pratap Singh of Mali.
(b) Bal Govind Singh of Village Barhara.
(c) Jagu Singh of Village Urdanadih.
(d) Jagdamb Sohori of Manaura.
(e) Gulaman Khan of Village Koraypur.
(f) Lal Bahadur Singh
(g) Din Dayal Singh Both residents of village -Mutani
(h) Darshan Singh of Village Mali.
(i) Ayodhya Singh of Village Mihauli
(j) Sheikh Chakauri of Village Ghota.
(k) Mahabul Singh of Mirjapur
(l) Jagarnath Singh of Simra,and
(m) Pitambar Singh of Village Manjhauli .

During the freedom movement of 20th .Centuary, the people of this region also took active part and remained in close contact of freedom fighters of the whole country. Mahatma Gandhi also came here. Hundred of persons joined the freedom movement, leaving their own profession at his call. Kumar Badari Narayan Singh led the Namak Satyagrah of 1930. The Contribution of Bihar Bibhuti Anugrah Narayan Singh is well known to all .The veteran revolutionaries of that age got shelter here. Lok Nayak Jai Prakash Narayan got shelter here after fleeing away from Hajaribagh Jail. It can be imagined how much consciousness was raised during his stay at the place Netaji Subhash Chandra Boss also stayed here in Chauram Ashram of Kumar Badri Narayan Singh for few days. Amar Saheed Jagatpati Kumar Who laid his life on the alter of mother land during the freedom movement of the year 1942 .He along with six other were killed by the Britishers on 9th August 1942 ,while hoisting tricolor flag on the old secretariat building at state capital Patna. Martyrs memorial has been built in front of Bihar Legislative Assembly in their memory. Sarvashree Ram Swaroop Singh of village Kiyakhap, Sukhdeo Singh of village Karshara, Daroga Singh of Bhadwa, Ram Naresh Singh of Village Budhai, Ram Narayan Singh of village Karma, and Mithilesh Kumar Singh of Village Jamhore were among veteran revolutionaries who used to manufacture weapon and explosive. They also used weapon and explosive against the Britishers.

The Slogan “Angrejo Bharat Chhorho” launched by Mahatama Gandhi and Indian National Congress gave a great impact on the People of Aurangabad. Bihar Bibhuti Anugrah Narayan Singh Kamta Singh Kam, Abdul Gafoor and Ramchandra Sao both of village Tandwa Sainik Ram Narayan of village Chatra, Balram Singh and Ramdeo Singh both of village Beni Ganjhar, Rachha Prasad Lal of village Manjhauli Balkeshwar Ram of village Chandragarh and Priyabarat Narayan Singh of Village Sonaura were eminent participants of that movement.

Sri Priyabrat Narayan Singh died of asthma in the Jail. Sarvshree Lallu Prasad Kurmi, Hussaini Sao, Rambrichha Lal, Pandit Badri Nath Shashtri, Mathura Nath Tiwari and Ram Chandra Tiwari were also among the veteran participants of “August Kranti “.All of them belonged to village Deo.

The district of Aurangabad was separated on 26.01.1973 as per the govt.notification no 07/11-2071-72 dated 19.01.1973. From parent District Gaya Sri K.A.H.Subramanyam was the first District Magistrate and Sri Surjit Kumar Saha was the then Sub-Divisional officer.

Till 1991 there was only on Sub-division in Aurangabad district. That was Aurangabad Sadar. On 31.03.1991, one other Sub-Division namely Daudnagar was created. Sri Madan Mohan Srivastava was the first Sub-Divisional Officer of Daudnagar . At present’s Birendra Bahadur Pandey it’s the District Magistrate of Aurangabad and Sushil Khopre is the Superintendent of Police. Sarvashree Anil Kumar and Chhati Lal Prasad are the Sub-Divisional Officer of Aurangabad and Daudnagar respectively.